This is the second of what has been labels as “Isaiah’s Servant Songs” (42:1-7, 49:1-9, 50:4-9, and 52:13-53:12) the last of which is often called the Suffering Servant and is associate with Jesus’ death. Servant Songs mark a shift in the Jewish understanding of "messiah". Technically, messiah means anointed and can apply to any office or position for which anointing is part of the ceremony such as in a king, prophet, or priest. The image of messiah, however, has often applied to God's anointed or chosen. At first, this position was limited to the patriarchs of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (reference Moses and the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob). After the exodus, "the chosen" was expanded to include the Hebrew people who descended from Israel. Judges or messiahs were chosen to lead these people during difficult times. With the establishment of a king, the anointed ones where limited to the traditional offices of prophet, priest, and king (1 Samuel 9:16). With the split in the kingdom and the fall of the northern tribes, Jerusalem began to be referred to as anointed (Daniel 9:25). The Servant Songs, however, associate messiah with one individual rather than a group, place, or nationality. This "Messiah" will restore God's kingdom and not only gather the scattered tribes of Israel but also the Gentiles. The Messiah announced in this passage brings salvation "to the end of the earth".